Updated: Jan 5, 2020
Dabkah (dans folkloric levantin)
Dabke (Arabic: دبكة also spelled Dabka, Dabkeh, plural Dabkaat), is an Arab folk dance native to the Levant. Dabke combines circle dance and line dancingand is widely performed at weddings and other joyous occasions. The line forms from right to left. The leader of the dabke heads the line, alternating between facing the audience and the other dancers. In English, its name is also transliterated dabka, dabki and dabkeh
The word 'Dabke' is derived from the Arabic word (Arabic: دَبكَة) meaning (stamping of the feet)
the Phoenicians were the first teachers of the dance in the world, and the dabke is a representative descendant of the Phoenician dances.
According to one folk tradition, the dance originated in the Levant where houses were built from stone with a roof made of wood, straw and dirt. The dirt roof had to be compacted which required stomping the dirt hard in a uniform way to compact it evenly. This event of cooperation is called ta'awon and from here comes the word ( awna عَونَ ), meaning "help." This developed into the song Ala Dalouna (Arabic: على دلعونا), roughly translated, "Let's go and help". The dabke and the rhythmic songs go together in an attempt to keep the work fun and useful.
In Jordan there are around 19 types of The Jordanian Dabke. Habel Mwadea’ (حبل مودع) is the Jordanian dabke of any type performed by men and women jointly.Jordanian dabke types include but are not limited.
The mijwiz (Arabic: مجوز, DIN: miǧwiz) is a traditional musical instrument of Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and Iraq. Its name in Arabic means "dual," because of its consisting of two, short, bamboo reed pipes put together, making the mijwiz a double-pipe, single-reed woodwind instrument. The mijwiz consists of two pipes of equal length; each pipe has around five or six small holes for fingering. It requires a special playing technique known as "circular breathing," which is tricky but produces a continuous tone, without pausing to take a breath. The mijwiz is played in Egypt and the Levant as an accompaniment to either belly dancing or dabke, the folkloric line dance of the Levant. The mijwiz is most popular today in the Levant (Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Iraq) and Egypt. Many popular folk songs either include the mijwiz on recordings, or include the instrument's name in the song's lyrics. One example is the famous Lebanese dabke song "Jeeb el Mijwiz ya Abboud" (Arabic: جيب المجوز يا عبّود).